Urban Health Status

Urban health, as an overall concept is broad, complex, and requires unique approaches.  But, there are very specific health related issues to explore related to the phenomena of expanding and increasing cities.  These issues relate directly to the causes for and related effects of traditional development methods and rapid urbanization.  These traditional development methods have historically and currently rely on dependence and overconsumption of nonrenewable energy sources, use synthetic materials that are often toxic or harmful to the environment, unregulated consumption of natural resources for development activities causing burdens on the environment and ecosystems, and create economic and social disparities due to poor urban planning.  Some major areas of urban health relate to air quality, water quality, urban environment and mental health, urban migration and disease migration, and urban transition and NCDs.

populated_cities

Improved water source in urban (% of urban population with access) areas of selected South Asian countries

Country name

2009

2010

2011

2012

Afghanistan

77

81

85

90

Bangladesh

85

85

86

86

Bhutan

99

99

99

99

India

96

96

96

97

Maldives

100

100

100

100

Nepal

91

91

91

90

Pakistan

96

96

96

96

Sri Lanka

98

98

99

99

Source: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.H2O.SAFE.UR.ZS/countries/1W?display=default

 

Growth in urban population (% of total) in selected South Asian countries

Country name

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Afghanistan

23

23

24

24

24

Bangladesh

27

28

28

29

29

Bhutan

34

35

36

36

37

India

31

31

31

32

32

Maldives

39

40

41

42

43

Nepal

16

17

17

17

18

Pakistan

36

36

36

37

37

Sri Lanka

15

15

15

15

15

Source: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS/countries/1W?display=default